Million acres of forests are lost each year, an area roughly the size of England.

%

Of all terrestrial biodiversity is embraced by forests.

Billion of the world's poorest people rely on forests.

The International Day of Forests was established on the 21st day of March, by resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on November 28, 2012.[1] Each year, various events celebrate and raise awareness of the importance of all types of forests, and trees outside forests, for the benefit of current and future generations.[2][3] Countries are encouraged to undertake efforts to organize local, national, and international activities involving forests and trees, such as tree planting campaigns, on International Day of Forests. The Secretariat of the United Nations Forum on Forests, in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization, facilitates the implementation of such events in collaboration with governments, the Collaborative Partnership on Forests, and international, regional and subregional organizations.[4] International Day of Forests was observed for the first time on March 21, 2013.

Background

Each year more than 13 million hectares (32 million acres) of forests are lost, an area roughly the size of England.[5] As go the forests, so go the plant and animal species that they embrace – 80% of all terrestrial biodiversity. Most importantly, forests play a critical role in climate change including global warming: deforestation results in 12-18 percent of the world’s carbon emissions – almost equal to all the CO2 from the global transport sector. Equally crucial, healthy forests are one of the world’s primary ‘carbon sinks.’

Today, forests cover more than 30% of the world’s land and contain more than 60,000 tree species, many as of yet unidentified. Forests provide food, fiber, water and medicines for approximately 1.6 billion of the world’s poorest people, including indigenous peoples with unique cultures.

Read the rest of this entry on Wikipedia.

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